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New Zealand Shipping v Satterthwaite [1975] AC 154 Privy Council

A contract for the carriage of a machine by ship to New Zealand provided that the owners of the goods could not sue the carriers or stevedores unless any claim was brought within one year of the action giving rise to the cause of action. The stevedores were independent contractors who were engaged to load and unload the ship by the ship owner. A stevedore damaged the machine whilst unloading it. The owner of the machine brought an action against the stevedore after the limitation period specified in the contract. The stevedore sought to rely upon the clause in order to escape liability. The owner of the machine argued that the stevedores could not rely on the clause as they were not privy to the contract and had not provided them with any consideration.


The stevedores had provided consideration in the form of services of unloading the machine. Relying on the case of Scotson v Pegg, there is nothing to prevent consideration owed to a 3rd party being valid consideration for a new promise to another party. Therefore the stevedores had protection from the limitation clause. The claimant's action was unsuccessful.
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